Amphora dating

Clazomenae is there- fore classed among the cities which took part in the early electrum currency of the sixth century B. »M'berg »WW »SNG B »ANS During the century which began with the Ionian revolt, and which comprised the Athenian Hegemony, B. 469-387, the date of the Peace of Antalcidas, the Phoenician standard seems to have been replaced by the Attic:— This period extends from the Peace of Antalcidas to the battle of Ipsus. 276) which are said to abound in the Delta of the Hermus. Their attribution to Clazomenae is, however, uncertain, see infra, p. For coins bearing the name of Orontas, with the forepart of a winged horse on the reverse, see infra, p. During the whole of the third-century Alexandrine, Lysimachian, and Seleucid silver money superseded for the most part the autonomous local issues of former times. It is, however, far more probable that is not an epithet of Artemis, but the name, in the genitive case, of some prominent citizen of Ephesus, it may be of a despot, or of a magistrate, or of a member of one of the wealthy Ephesian families of bankers and money-lenders (see Babelon, Trait, l. Among other early electrum coins of Ephesus are the following Thirds, Sixths, and Twelfths of the stater:— To the period between the Ionian revolt and the sack of Miletus, B.

The distinctive badge of the city appears from the later inscribed coins to have been a winged boar; cf. Hence numerous coins of this type, though without inscrip- tions, are presumed to be of Clazomenian origin. The autonomous silver coinage of Clazomenae does not extend beyond the battle of Ipsus, and the victory of Seleucus and Lysimachus over Antigonus and Demetrius. The doubtful word in the genitive case , has been differently explained. Such an interpretation of the inscription would imply that the coin was a hierarchical issue from the temple treasury.

324) have been found in western Asia Minor, is evidence in favour of the attribution to Ephesus. 250), we know that there were Ionian Greeks (Yonas = (Ath.

[1] This period is marked by the issue of regal money at Ephesus bearing the usual types of Lysimachus, symbol Bee, and inscr.

Accordingly each ingot issued as coin soon came to be stamped with the signet or mark of the issuer responsible for its value, and this custom was so convenient that it was afterwards extended to the purer metals. type of the half stater closely resembles that of an early silver stater of Mallus in Cilicia (B. It is therefore open to question whether the types are to be trusted as evidence of local origin, e.

16); the Strategos on these coins is also sometimes entitled ΙЄΡЄΩC ΙΩΝΩΝ (Macdonald, Hunter Cat., ii. For an Alliance coin with Pergamum (Caracalla), see Mionnet, iii. occupied the alluvial plain of the lower Cayster, but it owed its chief wealth and renown less to the produce of its soil than to the illustrious sanctuary of the old Asiatic nature-goddess, whom the Ionian Greeks (when, under Androclus, the son of Codrus, they effected a settlement in those parts) identified with the Greek Artemis. Its port, Notium, gradually absorbed the greater part of the population of the upper town, and most of the later coins were doubtless struck at this New Colophon. Chief types: Apollo ΚΛΑΡΙΟC seated; ΑΡΤΕΜΙC ΚΛΑΡΙΑ, Cultus- statue resembling Artemis Ephesia; Apollo Klarios seated between standing figures of Artemis and Nemesis; Homer seated holding half- open scroll; Naked boxer; The thirteen cities of the Ionian League standing in semicircle before the temple of Apollo Klarios, in front of which is a bull approaching a flaming altar,—inscr. On either side stands a stag raising its head to the image of the goddess. 394 the Athenian Conon expelled the Spartan oligarchies from most of the Asiatic coast-towns. The old city of Colophon was situated about twenty miles north-west of Ephesus, and some miles from the coast. She is many-breasted, and from each of her hands hangs a long fillet with tassels at the extremities. An electrum stater would thus be readily exchangeable for ten silver pieces of its own weight. 15.] The motives of the two last described coins are remarkable; that of the stater resembles the Lion-gate of Mycenae and some early Phrygian monuments of the ninth and eighth centuries B. Electrum coins are known of the following maximum weights: Euboc, 269 grs. (stater); Babylonic, 167 grs.; Phocac, 254- 248 grs.; Phoenician, 220-215 grs.; Aeginetic (? Halves, Thirds, Sixths, Twelfths, Twenty-fourths, Forty-eighths, and even Ninety-sixths, of the stater are also met with, but the Hecte or Sixth was the denomination which was in most common use.