Johns Hopkins University, which in the 1960s was one of the first medical institutions to perform sex reassignment surgery, halted the practice when officials concluded that it was not helping the transgendered overall.
A 2o11 study of 324 Swedish transsexuals by the Karolinska Institute showed that "after sex reassignment, [they] have considerably higher risks for mortality, suicidal behaviour, and psychiatric morbidity than the general population.
Under the standards of care adopted by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH), the first step usually is meeting with a mental health professional for a diagnosis and psychotherapy.
A diagnosis of gender identity disorder or gender dysphoria and a letter of recommendation from the therapist allows a person to begin hormone therapy with a doctor.
It's passed on from one person to another through unprotected sex (sex without a condom) and is particularly common in sexually active teenagers and young adults.In this excellent post, my colleague Steven Petrow advised that if you're wondering whether someone you know is transitioning from one gender to the other, it's best to "check your curiosity and hold your tongue." But we all have questions about a subject that is increasingly mainstream.Aside from the recent coverage of Bruce Jenner's apparent transition, Laverne Cox last year became the first trans person on the cover of Time magazine, and Amazon debuted “Transparent,” a show about a father who is transitioning.Extending the urethra to allow standing urination has proved to be perhaps the most difficult part of the process, Bowers said. Women wishing to live as men often have mastectomies.Men transitioning to women can have plastic surgery to "feminize" their appearance, including work on their eyes, noses, brows, chins and hairlines. Bowers and Ettner said a woman who chooses the full range of surgical procedures available would spend ,000 or more to transition to a male.